Anatomy and Physiology Assignments

Course Calendar

Science Dictionaries and References - Online Textbooks

Kimball's Pages - Course Objectives - QuickReference

The Harvey Project

McGraw-Hill Anatomy and Physiology Texts 

Anatomy Glossary - Web Anatomy

"The task is not so much to see what no one else as yet has seen, but to think what nobody yet has thought about that which everybody sees."

-Arthur Schopenhauer

Google Images Scholar


Histology Homework

Epithelium Lab

Connective-Muscle Tissue Lab


Epithelium Objectives

Connective-Muscle Tissue Objectives

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Classroom Instruction


Gross Anatomy at the University of Arkansas Medical School

University of Utah Medical School-The Scoop

University of Calfornia San Diego-Anatomy Reading List

Surviving Anatomy-MedReview

Movies, Animations and Interactive Tutorial Links

1. Online Textbook

Tissues of the Human Body:An Introduction

2. Histology Lectures-Power Point

3. Epithelium Power Point

4. Connective-Muscle Power Point

5. Cancer-The Details (Power Point)

6. Microanatomy from the University of Arkansas-A Course Syllabus

Movies, Animations and Interactive Tutorial Links


1. MCAT Biology

2. Tissues of the Human Body:An Introduction

3. The World Wide Web Cell Site

4. University of Texas Cell Site

5. Histology Links on A & P Resources

6. Jay Doc HistoWeb

7. The Wadsworth Center-Hematology

8. McGraw-Hill Cell Structure and Function

9. McGraw-Hill Membrane Structure and Function

10. Web Anatomy


Epithelium Objectives

Connective-Muscle Tissue Objectives

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Movies, Animations and Interactive Tutorial Links

There will be two tests in this section on Histology. One will focus on lecture notes on epithelial tissues and the other will be a lab practicum on epithelial tissues. Use the resources wisely and complete the tasks as presented.

1. The best text for the study of the tissues is to be found at the McGraw-Hill site Tissues of the Human Body:An Introduction. Use the text and graphics here as you would any textbook to give you the background information you need to uderstand the fundamentals of tissues. Below is another excellent tutorial that uses light micropgraphs to explain the characteristics of of epithelial tissue:

Epithelial Tissues

2. View The Histology of the Cell Power Point Presentationfrom Dr. Oliver Bogler at Virginia Commonwealth University.

3. Read the information on cancer from a few excellent sites. Some of the information is quite technical on cell function, but if you are to get an understanding of how the disease functions these details are essential. Examine the sites in order and critically analyze and assess their data.

BioHealth Links 

About Cancer

Intermediate Genetics

This link is an excellent selection of course topics on Intermediate Genetics offered at North Dakota State University. There is much here to investigate if you have an interest in genetics. At the very bottom of the Course Topics chart is The Eukaryotic Cell Cycle and the Genetics of Cancer. This is a technical presentation and will require some concentration and perhaps further research at other links to pick up a basic understanding of some of its more complex ideas. The effort, however, will be worth it for you to understand the inticacies of this disease.

The program entitled Cancer Warrior has been placed online at the NOVA website. It features streaming video of the program, excellent animations and links relating to cancer. It doesn't get any better than this for education and you can see here the true power of technology to teach as the internet matures. Check it out!

Cancer Warrior

Note on the same page the Flash program How Cancer Grows. This is an excellent synopsis of the development of cancer explaining the mutations that must occur for a cell to be classified as malignant.

How Cancer Grows

4. An Interview with Paul Nurse: Paul Nurse is one of Britain's most distinguished scientists today. His groundbreaking work on the cell cycle in the 1970s and '80s revealed how cells make the decisions to grow and divide, thus laying the foundation for a molecular understanding of cancer. This has earned him numerous honors, including the Lasker Basic Medical Research Award in 1998, and many regard him a prime candidate for the Nobel Prize. Since 1996 Sir Paul, who was knighted last year, has also been director-general of the largest cancer research organization in the U.K., the Imperial Cancer Research Fund (ICRF).

Epithelium Lab

Epithelium Objectives

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Movies, Animations and Interactive Tutorial Links

General Histo-Techniques


1. Microscopic Examination of Histology Slides
Squamous Epithelium-Cheek Cells stained with methylene blue

Elodea Cells

Introduction to the Microscope

a. Using the Microscope-Includes parts , function and how to estimate the size of objects

b. Parts of a Microscope-Binocular

c. Exploring the World of Microscopy

Introduction to Cell and Virus Structure

d. Microscopes and Microscopy

e. Electron Microscopy

1. Electron microscope Instructions

2. Transmission Electron Microscope Graphic

3. Histology-Light and Electron

4. Nanoworld-Electron Micrographs

2. Online Textbook

Use the online text to get the basic background information on the tissues as well as representative tissue slides to go with the verbal descriptions.
Tissues of the Human Body:An Introduction
3. This site has an introduction to the tissues that we are going to study. The graphics and descriptions are excellent and thias will be a great site to back up the online textbook.
Histology 1- Introduction to Tissue Types

4. Loyola University's Medical Education Network

Go to the Loyola site and examine the Epithelium and Simple Glands slides. There will be a portion of your Lab Practicum that will use a random selection of these slides for you to identify.

You must be able to name the type of epithelial cells in the target tissue, the organ it is found in, and the function of the tissue.

I will choose anywhere from 6 to 12 of the following slides for you to identify. Here is the number list for the slides that you will examine and from which I will make my selection for the practicum. Copy and Paste the pictures into a file, or a Power Point Presentation, and use it as a study document to test yourself and your study partners.

Slides number 1, 4, 6, 7, 8, 10, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 19, 20, 21, 24 & 27

Don't forget to take the Practical Examinations on the Loyola site after you think you have a grasp of the tissues.

The slide trays in the lab are organized in the following order with the slides number 1 thru 6:

1. Stratified Squamous-Skin

2. Pseudostratified Ciliated Columnar-Trachea

3. Stratified Transitional-Bladder

4. Simple Columnar-Stomach and Intestines

5. Simple Cuboidal-Kidney

6. Hepatocyte (polyhedral)-Liver


5. Here's an Epithelium Exam to test your knowledge.

6. Body Smart has a tutorial on histology and a test to see if you have grasped the fundamentals of tissue study.

7. Web Path

Go to this site to examine normal epithelial tissue and pathogical conditions of the same tissue. This is an opportunity to see varoius medical conditions from the perspective of pathologists who make the medical diagnoses of various states of disease.

Connective and Muscle Tissue Lab

Connective-Muscle Tissue Objectives

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Movies, Animations and Interactive Tutorial Links

Connective and Muscle Tissue

Notes on Connective and Muscle Tissue

Connective & Muscle Tissue Tutorial

1. Microscopic Examination of Histology Slides

Connective Tissue Slides

1. Adipose Tissue

2. Areolar Smear

3. Hyaline Cartilage

6. Tendon-Muscle Junction

8. Blood Smear

9. Bone Section

Muscle Tissue Slides

1. Skeletal Muscle

2. Cardiac Muscle

3. Smooth Muscle

2. Online Textbook

Use the online text to get the basic background information on the tissues as well as representative tissue slides to go with the verbal descriptions.

Tissues of the Human Body:An Introduction

3. Loyola University's Medical Education Network

4. Power Point Slides of Connective and Muscle Tissue

In your student presentation folder on the desk top you will find the presentation Connective-Muscle Lab Key. This presentation contains the pool of specific slides with descriptions that will be used on the next lab practicum. You should be able to identify and classify twelve to fifteen of these slides, chosen at random, on the next lab exam. These slides have come from the JayDoc site at the University of Kansas (Muscle-Connective-Cartilage-Bone-Blood) and can be viewed there at any time.

5. The study of blood, Hematology, has always fascinated students. You are to learn to do a DIFFERENTIAL WHITE CELL COUNT. To aid you in your task you will need good pictures of the leukocytes to help you identify the cells on your slides. Go to The Wadsworth Center-Hematology and CLICK on Blood Cells under the "Through the Microscope" heading. There you will find excellent examples of the leukocytes.

6. Here's a neat site that lets you identify the blood cells in a smear.

7. This PBS site has the history of blood and much more.


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